The coming winter will bring an increase in cold air temperatures of up to 2 degrees Fahrenheit (0.6 degrees Celsius) across the northern United States, according to a report released Monday.
The report was compiled by the National Snow and Ice Data Center.
The temperature increase is a result of increased greenhouse gas emissions, according the report.
The NIST’s report does not specify how much warming is occurring, but a warmer atmosphere will bring more precipitation, which can warm the atmosphere enough to warm the ground, the report states.
“We expect a warming trend over the coming decades,” the report stated.
“The warming trend is expected to increase in the northern U.S. and in the Great Lakes Basin.”
The Arctic’s ice sheet is expected also to melt.
The melting of the ice sheet will make the Arctic more susceptible to weather extremes, such as droughts, the NIST study stated.
The polar ice caps have retreated in recent years, with some regions losing more than a third of their ice in the past decade.
“Over the coming decade, sea ice will disappear in the Arctic region, which will have an adverse effect on global climate,” the NISDC said.
The cold air will spread to warmer regions, making it more difficult for snow to melt in the North Pole.
The Arctic is warming because of human activities, such the burning of fossil fuels.
According to the NSSI report, “the warmer Arctic air will further intensify and intensify winter’s warming.”
The study notes that a global warming trend of 3.5 degrees Fahrenheit or more is expected over the next 50 years.